173 years ago, the Communist Party presented its programme to the world in the form of a manifesto written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The development of communism followed difficult paths, along with storms of upswing, it knew periods of decline, along with successes and cruel defeats. The communists, representatives of the revolutionary proletariat of different countries of Europe, America and Asia, who gathered in Soviet Moscow in 1919, felt and recognized themselves as the successors and leaders of the cause, whose programme was announced 173 years ago. Their task was to generalize the revolutionary experience of the working class, to unite the efforts of all the revolutionary parties of the world proletariat and thereby facilitate and accelerate the victory of the communist revolution throughout the world.

This is how the Comintern (III International) was created - an international organization that united the communist parties of various countries. The Comintern existed from 1919 to 1943. In 1943 it stopped his work by order of Joseph Stalin.
On the eve of May 1, the Day of Spring and Labour, which today is marked by a long weekend, we invite readers of www.kirsan.today to familiarize themselves with the manifesto of the Comintern, written by Leon Trotsky.
“Now that Europe is covered in rubble and heaps of smoking ruins, the greatest arsonists are busy looking for the culprits of the war. They are followed by their servants, professors, parliamentarians, journalists, social patriots and other political pimps of the bourgeoisie...

- What did you do first when you became FIDE President?
- When I became FIDE President. my first task was to meet and talk with all the World Champions - Bobby Fischer. Nona Gaprindashvili, Vasily Smyslov. The second task was to travel around the world.
At the same time. I noticed that people didn’t know how to play chess in many countries: Vietnam. Mongolia. and some European countries. When I realized the depth of the problem. I started supporting professional sports. I organized the World Cup. introduced the Grand Prix. And all these competitions were held with my money and with the funds of my sponsoring friends and not at the expense of FIDE.
My second task was to develop chess among the people. especially children. I started implementing the Chess in school programme in many countries of the world. I have signed agreements with the ministers of education of these countries to introduce chess into the school curriculum as an optional or compulsory subject. Now this programme is working in Mexico. Cuba. Ecuador. Mongolia. Vietnam. Zimbabwe. Azerbaijan. Armenia. Lebanon. Syria. Iraq. Libya and many other countries. By the way. chess is introduced as a subject in schools in a large number of Russian regions now.
- At the age of 15, you have headed the adult chess team of Kalmykia. How much has chess helped you in your life in general? Is it possible, thanks to this game, to be a few steps ahead of rivals in life?

“Two years ago, on the recording of one of the TV shows, Misha came to wish me well on my 55th birthday, and I played chess with him,” says Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, sixth President of FIDE. “It was a great match. The fact that Misha is a very talented chess player was immediately apparent. He has a brilliant memory and, I am sure, a great future. In chess, there is no such thing as “early”. All parents want their children to be extraordinary. And playing chess is only beneficial.
And if their child likes to play then why not? Chess develops both hemispheres of the brain. Children need it, and then life will tell in which area the child is especially talented. Not every chess player who played well in childhood becomes a brilliant player. At different times, one name then another, surfaced, but then they quickly disappeared from the horizon. Some could not cope the difficulties, some had no luck with a coach, and someone’s talent was overestimated. But all of them, I assure you, have grown up to be wonderful and intelligent people.

Humanity had the prudence to put an end to ideological enmity and irreconcilable confrontation forever, which almost led civilization to the catastrophe of the world conflict. The iron curtain, which divided countries and peoples that by their very fate were expected to live in friendship and good neighbourliness on planet Earth, was also destroyed long ago.

Today, the community of nations formulates the principles of peaceful coexistence in all-understandable language and recognizes the only condition for further development such fundamental concepts as human honour and dignity. The history of mankind as a whole, as well as of each country can be conditionally divided into three stages: the struggle for survival, the accumulation of socio-economic potential necessary to satisfy basic human needs, and, finally, the quality of life... This is the task facing the authorities and society. Survival tactics should give way to a strategy of accelerated development to improve the quality of people's lives. Yes, the social norms of life are generally accepted in the civilized world. But time dictates other approaches in determining the criteria for management and production efficiency.

Victory of Democracy (Evgeny Gik)

In 1998, I and my friend, photojournalist Boris Dolmatovsky,  visited several cities in Switzerland and stopped at Lausanne so as not to miss a single move in the fight for the FIDE world championship between Karpov and Anand. After the last game ended, we went down to Lake Geneva, admired it for a long time and asked each other: to whom do we owe this celebration of life? Indeed, in the old days, the best we could count on was a visit to the Kineshma championship among the school students. A common opinion was found: we owed this happy week to one person in the world and his name is Mikhail Gorbachev.
And ten minutes later, returning to the Olympic Museum, where another game was taking place, we were almost speechless: he was walking towards us ... Gorbachev, not his double, not his understudy, but the most real first (and last) president USSR. "Is this a dream, is this an obsession?"  we thought and even pinched ourselves just in case. But no, it was precisely Mikhail Gorbachev, the father of Russian national democracy in person.

On January 18, one of the most popular artists of the National Order of the "Badge of Honour" of Basangov Drama Theatre Honoured Artist of the Republic of Kalmykia Vitaly Nadbitov celebrated his birthday.

Due to his characteristic appearance and comedic gift, which does not prevent him from playing tragic roles, Vitaly Nadbitov was nicknamed Kalmyk Nikulin during his years of study at GITIS.
About 17 years ago, he was awarded the title of Honoured Artist of the Republic of Kalmykia. First President of Kalmykia Kirsan Ilyumzhinov signed the relative decree in his car before leaving for the airport. The then Minister of Culture Arkady Mandzhiev asked Ilyumzhinov in surprise: "Does he still have no title?"

It happened in the end of the 90s. 1997. Elista’s Uralan FC has just advanced to the top division. The average club became to be the main candidate for downgrading after a season. However, Uralan surprised everyone. In 1998, it took seventh place and it climbed into the semi-finals of the Russian Cup the next season.

Uralan was also remembered for its attempt to invite Diego Maradona. The goal was simply to bring a football star to the team and thus attract the attention of football fans and people of Kalmykia. Uralan almost succeeded in this, but Maradona's health problems intervened.

- Hegel divided the duties of a person into four categories. He said that he did not know which of them was the most important. Responsibilities before yourself, your family, the state and other people. What do you think is the most important?

- My responsibilities come first. You see, there are some inner values ​​that are the main ones in assessing your own deeds and actions. Ultimately, the most important thing for me is how I feel about it, whether I am satisfied or not with what I have done. And this does not always coincide with the opinions of others.
For example, we once erected an Exodus and Return monument. This is an embodied in stone our feasible tribute to the memory of the tragedy that the long-suffering Kalmyk people went through. All the newspapers then wrote that even if Kirsan now retires, then subsequent generations would be grateful to him, at least for this.


You've hardly heard of chess player Peter Winston, who beat a three-time US champion at 14 and was considered one of the most talented players in the 70s. At the age of 19, he disappeared under mysterious circumstances and has not yet been found. The disappearance of Peter is a milestone in the history of American chess, of which historians, politicians and journalists write decades later. 

Since childhood, Peter was considered a genius, and there was a reason:
• at 18 months, he learned the alphabet by looking at the volumes of the Britannica, and soon he was able to read;
• by the age of three, Peter understood fractional numbers. As contemporaries recall, he could immediately tell what week his birthday would fall in any year;
• at the age of 5, Winston spoke to the elementary class with a detailed analysis of the assassination of John F. Kennedy, information about which he collected from newspapers and TV shows.
In 1964, The Saturday Evening Post published an article about Peter Winston (right next to Thomas Pynchon's story), a 6-year-old genius boy who went to Sands Point, a school for the gifted on Long Island.


Neither economics nor politics can justify  the oppression of human beings, the crushing of their delicate and complex inner worlds, their beliefs, principles , morals and spirit. However, those in power do try to destroy and influence. Without our willing it or even being aware' of it billions of cells live in each one of us. Why not use these cells against the people themselves? Each hair and molecule exists independent of our will, thoughts and feelings. So it is possible to suppress people's emotions and desires at a molecular level. We live most of our lives chaotically and unconsciously . So it is possible to increase the chaos, penetrate people's dreams, ruin their inner selves, subjugate them and make docile automatons out of them. We long for communication because deep down we are afraid to be alone. Why not intensify this fear?


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